Expert: The world is not ready to face another pandemic

Bethlehem - Together - A global health expert warned that the world is not prepared for another health crisis like 'Covid-19,' as countries make a final push to agree on a way to move forward with a treaty on the pandemic. Member states of the World Health Organization met in Geneva on Friday to determine how to continue negotiations on an agreement after the deadline was passed this month. 'We only hope that in the next few months we will not face another pandemic that finds us in a world that is still not prepared to face a major crisis,' said Muhammad Ali Butt, a board member of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. A major sticking point in the treaty has been provisions that low- and middle-income countries must receive 20% of tests, treatments and vaccines developed to fight the pandemic, either at non-profit costs or donated. Ali Butt said this number was reasonable to avoid the scramble for life-saving products, which has left African countries last in line during the Covid-19 c risis. The sources said that while talks on the treaty are likely to continue for months or even years, a parallel process to update the current set of rules governing disease outbreaks at the international level is moving closer to an agreement, and it could be signed before the end of the World Health Organization's annual meeting on Saturday. . Source: Maan News Agency

On World No Tobacco Day, here are the health risks associated with it

Together - On May 31 of each year, the world celebrates World No Tobacco Day, which aims to raise public awareness about the health risks associated with smoking. Dr. Anton Cazenov, a pulmonologist, points out that according to statistics, smoking is the cause of 15 percent of all deaths in the world. The consequences of smoking do not appear immediately, but can cause serious diseases. They include the development of tumors at any age, damage to the heart, blood vessels and respiratory system, and increased risks of coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and bronchitis. The risk of blood clots and infertility also increases, and there is a noticeable deterioration in the general condition of the body, health and appearance. According to him, cigarettes not only harm the smoker himself, but also harm the people around him. Because passive smoking has a slow but significant harmful effect on the human body. He says: 'Currently, electronic cigarettes have become more popular. There is a widespread belief in society that they are safer, unlike traditional cigarettes. Some people also try to quit smoking using electronic cigarettes, but in reality this is a wrong idea. Because electronic cigarettes are not a substitute for cigarettes.' Smoking traditional cigarettes also causes serious diseases and does not rule out addiction to nicotine. In addition to the above, the use of one device by several people increases the risk of spreading infection.' Source: Maan News Agency

A new factor in the development of depression

Together - It became clear to researchers from Yale University that physical weakness may increase the risk of depression in middle-aged people. Nature Communications magazine indicates that, according to researchers, the possibility of this disorder increasing not only under conditions of complete weakness, but some of its signs appear in weight loss, for example. This study included more than 350,000 people aged 37-73 years, during which the researchers relied on information they obtained from the British Biobank, which is considered the largest collection of biological samples. The researchers divided the study participants into three groups according to the initial assessment of their health condition. The first group included healthy people, the second included people with one or two indicators of physical weakness, and the third included volunteers with three or more indicators. Researchers point out that physical weakness is characterized by five indicators: weight loss, fatigue, muscle weakness, l ack of physical activity, and slow walking speed. After the scientists obtained the necessary information about the participants' health, they began a phase of monitoring them over the next 12 years, during which the researchers recorded more and more cases of depression. It became clear to the researchers that people with one (or more) and three (or more) indicators of physical frailty were 1.6 and 3.2 times more likely to develop depression, respectively, compared to healthy participants. This association was more pronounced in men and middle-aged people, that is, those under 65 years of age. Scientists believe that physiological changes in the body caused by physical weakness can provoke inflammation in the brain, creating the conditions for the development of depression. Source: Maan News Agency

8 daily habits that will keep your mind sharp until old age

TOGETHER- Maintaining mental sharpness as you age is about making daily habits and healthy lifestyle choices. Some people can remain mentally alert into their 70s, 80s and beyond as a result of following a daily routine that helps them stay alert. Below are 8 habits that can become key elements in a daily routine that maintains mental activity in the seventies and beyond, according to what was published by the Global English Editing website. 1. Physical activity Regular physical activity is one of the most common habits among people who maintain their mental sharpness in their 70s and beyond. Exercise also helps maintain physical fitness, in addition to directly affecting brain health. Exercise increases blood flow to the brain, which helps support cognitive functions. The brain releases chemicals that enhance the mood and make the person feel more relaxed. 2. Lifelong learning Another habit observed in people who remain mentally alert is a commitment to lifelong learning. Lifelong learning activiti es include reading, participating in book clubs, participating in seminars and lectures, and even enrolling in online courses. Continuous learning stimulates the mind and makes one's life enjoyable and boredom-free. 3. Healthy diet In addition, some foods enhance brain health. A Mediterranean diet, rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, olive oil and lean protein, is associated with a lower risk of cognitive decline. And incorporating more brain-boosting foods like blueberries, broccoli, pumpkin seeds and dark chocolate into daily meals can make a big difference. 4. Regular social interaction In parallel, remaining socially active is another habit for those who remain mentally sharp in their later years, because humans are social creatures and their brains thrive through interactions with others. Whether it's catching up with friends for coffee, participating in group activities, or just chatting with neighbors, regular social interaction stimulates the brain and keeps a person mentally engaged. On the other hand, isolation can have a detrimental effect on mental and physical health. 5. Adequate sleep Meanwhile, getting a good night's sleep isn't just about feeling refreshed in the morning. It plays a crucial role in a person's cognitive health as well. During sleep, the brain works to consolidate memories and get rid of waste. 6. Mindfulness and meditation In today's fast-paced world, it is easy to get caught up in the hustle and bustle and forget to make time for yourself. But those who remain mentally alert as they age often practice mindfulness or meditation. These practices help reduce stress, enhance focus, and promote a sense of peace and well-being. 7. Cognitive exercises Just as physical exercise is important for maintaining a healthy body, cognitive exercise is essential for a healthy brain. It can simply be done by solving crosswords or puzzles. Cognitive exercises such as puzzles, board games, or learning a new language challenge the brain and keep it active. They help build menta l resilience and keep cognitive decline at bay. 8. Positive attitude Perhaps the most important habit of all is maintaining a positive attitude. Those who remain mentally alert into their golden years often have an optimistic outlook on life. A positive attitude helps you deal better with stressful situations, reduces the risk of physical health problems, and contributes to prolonging life. Source: Maan News Agency

A new strain of Corona raises concern

Bethlehem - Ma'an - The British newspaper "Mirror" quoted scientific reports confirming the existence of a new strain of the Corona virus that is likely to be "more difficult to stop" as its immunity to current vaccines increases. This strain is called FLiRT, and it is believed to constitute 25% of coronavirus cases in the United States currently. For its part, the Daily Star website reported that there is another mutant known as KP.1.1, which represents 7.5% of Corona cases in the United States, amid fears of its spread around the world. In this context, a spokesman for the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said: 'Viruses are constantly changing through mutations, and sometimes these mutations lead to a new type of virus. Some changes and mutations allow the virus to spread more easily or make it resistant to treatments and vaccines. With the spread The virus may mutate and become difficult to stop.' Source: Maan News Agency